By Jay Rogers
Published April 27, 2008
Does any of the vision of Daniel 9 extend past the 70 sevens?
“Seventy weeks are determined upon thy people and upon thy holy city, to finish the transgression, and to make an end of sins, and to make reconciliation for iniquity, and to bring in everlasting righteousness, and to seal up the vision and prophecy, and to anoint the most Holy” (Daniel 9:24).
Seventy weeks — or literally seventy sevens is simply a big round number. It is seven times the 70 years that the Jews spent in captivity in Babylon. It is not necessary to find a historical event to match anything that happened beyond the 487th year when Jesus was crucified. In fact, the prophecy of Daniel does not describe in detail any specific event at the end of the seventieth week, but focuses rather on the “middle of the week” (Daniel 9:27).
Then does the vision of Daniel 9 include the events leading up to AD 70 and the destruction of the Temple at Jerusalem?
Daniel 9:27 does refer to this catastrophic event in the history of the Jews.
9:27: “And he shall confirm the covenant with many for one week: and in the midst of the week he shall cause the sacrifice and the oblation to cease, and for the overspreading of abominations he shall make it desolate, even until the consummation, and that determined shall be poured upon the desolate.”
In the midst of the week, or, in the middle of the week — Christ preached for three-and a-half years and then by His sacrifice on the cross He abolished all the sacrifices of the law.
In the 1800s, dispensationalists, such as C.I. Scofield, invented the idea of the 70th week of Daniel extending until our day. It was necessary to their system, since Daniel gives a 490 year period extending from the time of Nehemiah until the coming of Christ. Yet dispensationalists wanted in effect to have their cake and eat it too. Their system interprets much of Daniel, Matthew 24 and Revelation as yet to take place. So it was necessary for them to see a “gap” in the middle of Daniel’s 70th week — a gap of over 1800 years, which is soon to become a 2000 year gap.
The overspreading of abominations — This most likely refers to the “abomination of desolation” (Matthew 24:15) or the bringing of ensigns and standards of the pagan Romans in to the Temple. Titus, the Roman destructor of Herod’s Temple, profaned the sanctuary in AD 70. This could also refer to the profanation of the Temple by Jews who rejected the Messiah.
Antiochus Epiphanes of the Assyrians first profaned the Temple in BC 167. Daniel 11:31 certainly applies to Antiochus, “And arms shall stand on his part, and they shall pollute the sanctuary of strength, and shall take away the daily sacrifice, and they shall place the abomination that maketh desolate.” The disciples understood what Jesus was referring to when he spoke of “the abomination of desolation” due to the prior fulfillment of the Daniel 11:31 prophecy by Antiochus.
I agree with John Calvin when he writes, “… nothing can be clearer, or more perspicuous, or even more familiar, than this prophecy” i.e., that it refers to Antiochus. This cannot refer to the desecration of the Temple in AD 70.
However, it is Daniel 9:27, “for the overspreading of abominations he shall make it desolate,” that is quoted by Jesus in Matthew 24:15, “When ye therefore shall see the abomination of desolation, spoken of by Daniel the prophet, stand in the holy place.” This is made clear by the fact that Daniel gives 70 weeks — a 490 year time period — in order for the sacrificial mission of the Messiah to be fulfilled.
Daniel 9:27 does not indicate that this “abomination of desolation” must occur in the middle of the seventieth week. The “middle of the week” only points to the time when Christ would cause the sacrifices to cease. The Temple sacrifices were made ineffectual or “desolate” by Christ’s death on the cross in AD 30. However, the sacrifices did not literally cease until the Romans destroyed the Temple 40 years later in AD 70 — “even until the consummation, and that determined shall be poured upon the desolate.”
Interpreting this passage as referring to the destruction of the Temple is supposedly a problem for preterism. The razing of the Temple did not come at the end of the 70th week in the Fall of AD 33, but in the Fall of AD 70. That gives an extra 37 years that does not fit the 490 year scenario by any traditional method of calculating the years.
Some preterists have sought to be more consistent than the dispensationalists with a complete 70th week without any gaps. Therefore, some have taught that Stephen’s sermon to the Jews in Acts 7 occurred exactly three-and-a-half years after the death of Christ. Thus AD 33 represented the end of the second half of the 70th week. I personally find this view to be a strained conjecture. Stephen’s sermon is irrelevant to Daniel’s prophecy.
Daniel’s only purpose was to point to the year when the Messiah would be cut off — “in the middle of the [70th] week” or by AD 30 — at which time the Temple sacrifices would become ineffectual. According to the Epistle to the Hebrews, the Jews of the first century should have simply accepted the “once and for all” sacrifice of the Messiah. As more Jews were converted over time, the sacrifices in the Temple would have gradually ceased. However, the rejection of the Messiah by the majority of Jews after AD 30 was the cause of Jerusalem’s utter destruction 40 years later.
Even until the consummation — This refers to the actual cessation of the sacrifices caused by the destruction of the Temple. Jesus in fact, made the sacrifices in the Temple ineffectual in AD 30. However, the continuing sacrifices coupled with the unbelief of the Jews became a source of abomination.
That determined shall be poured upon the desolate — This refers to the imprecatory declaration of Jesus in Matthew 24:34 that “this generation shall not pass, till all these things be fulfilled.” The Temple would be destroyed before “this generation” should pass away. A period of 40 years, or a biblical generation, was determined until the wrath of God was to be poured out upon the Temple at Jerusalem causing the sacrifices to become “desolate” in reality.
Since Jesus gave a specific 40 year prediction concerning the destruction of the Temple — the Mount Olivet Discourse in AD 30 to the destruction of Jerusalem in AD 70 — it is not necessary to search for a solution to the supposed problem of a “missing three-an-a-half years.”
Forerunner - Home » In The Days of These Kings ...
Your comments are welcome!
High Quality Paperback — 200 pages
A Reasonable Response to Christian Postmodernism
Includes a response to the book Christian Jihad by Colonel V. Doner
The title of this book is a misnomer. In reality, I am not trying to get anyone to shut up, but rather to provoke a discussion. This book is a warning about the philosophy of “Christian postmodernism” and the threat that it poses not only to Christian orthodoxy, but to the peace and prosperity our culture as well. The purpose is to equip the reader with some basic principles that can be used to refute their arguments.
Part 1 is a response to some of the recent writings by Frank Schaeffer, the son of the late Francis Schaeffer. This was originally written as a defense against Frank’s attacks on pro-life street activism – a movement that his father helped bring into being through his books, A Christian Manifesto, How Should We Then Live? and Whatever Happened to the Human Race? These works have impacted literally hundreds of thousands of Christian activists.
Part 2 is a response to Colonel Doner and his book, Christian Jihad: Neo-Fundamentalists and the Polarization of America. Doner was one of the key architects of the Christian Right that emerged in the 1980s, who now represents the disillusionment and defection many Christian activists experienced in the 1990s and 2000s. There is still great hope for America to be reformed according to biblical principles. As a new generation is emerging, it is important to recognize the mistakes that Christian activists have made in the past even while holding to a vision for the future.
$14.95 — ORDER NOW!(We accept all major credit cards and PayPal.)
Exposing The Occult Roots of Abortion
This presentation looks at the spiritual roots of abortion and exposes the myths surrounding child killing. Little known historical facts about abortion and how they relate to modern feminism are presented logically and accurately. Has been effective in converting many to a pro-life position.
Massacre of Innocence goes where no pro-life presentation has gone before in “tearing the lid off abortion” to reveal the spiritual realities we must battle if we will bring an end to this crime. The presentation is absorbing, fast-paced, informative and incredibly devastating to any attempt to justify abortion.
“… an extraordinary statement … a powerfully articulate presentation about what abortion really means, and why a great and moral nation like the United States must not allow the slaughter to continue.”
— Congressman Robert K. Dornan
Running time: 85 minutes
$19.95 — ORDER NOW!(We accept all major credit cards and PayPal.)
Foundations in Biblical Eschatology
By Jay Rogers, Larry Waugh, Rodney Stortz, Joseph Meiring. High quality paperback, 167 pages.
All Christians believe that their great God and Savior, Jesus Christ, will one day return. Although we cannot know the exact time of His return, what exactly did Jesus mean when he spoke of the signs of His coming (Mat. 24)? How are we to interpret the prophecies in Isaiah regarding the time when “the earth will be full of the knowledge of the LORD as the waters cover the sea” (Isa. 11:19)? Should we expect a time of great tribulation and apostasy or revival and reformation before the Lord returns? Is the devil bound now, and are the saints reigning with Christ? Did you know that there are four hermeneutical approaches to the book of Daniel and Revelation?
These and many more questions are dealt with by four authors as they present the four views on the millennium. Each view is then critiqued by the other three authors.
$12.95 — ORDER NOW!(We accept all major credit cards and PayPal.)
High Quality Paperback — 40 pages of dynamite!
Revival, Resistance, Reformation, Revolution
An Introduction to the Doctrines of Interposition and Nullification
In 1776, a short time after the Declaration of Independence was adopted, Thomas Jefferson, John Adams and Benjamin Franklin were assigned to design an official seal for the United States of America. Their proposed motto was Rebellion to Tyrants is Obedience to God. America owes its existence to centuries of Christian political philosophy. Our nation provided a model for liberty copied by nations the world over.
By the 21st century, we need a “Puritan Storm” to sweep away the Hegelian notion that the state is “God walking on earth.” We need revival and reformation in full force to vanquish the problems that plague us as a nation — from government controlled healthcare — to abortion on demand — to same sex “marriage.” This booklet gives a primer on our founders’ Christian idea of government and examines how the doctrine of nullification was woven into the Constitution as a safeguard against federal tyranny. It concludes with the history and theology of civil resistance. A Second American Revolution is coming with the Word of God growing mightily and prevailing! (Acts 19:20).
$7.95 — ORDER NOW!(We accept all major credit cards and PayPal.)
Who is the Real Jesus?
Ever since the dawn of modern rationalism, skeptics have sought to use textual criticism, archeology and historical reconstructions to uncover the “historical Jesus” — a wise teacher who said many wonderful things, but fulfilled no prophecies, performed no miracles and certainly did not rise from the dead in triumph over sin.
Over the past 100 years, however, startling discoveries in biblical archeology and scholarship have all but vanquished the faulty assumptions of these doubting modernists. Regrettably, these discoveries have often been ignored by the skeptics as well as by the popular media. As a result, the liberal view still holds sway in universities and impacts the culture and even much of the church.
The Real Jesus explodes the myths of these critics and the movies, books and television programs that have popularized their views. Presented in ten parts — perfect for individual, family and classroom study — viewers will be challenged to go deeper in their knowledge of Christ in order to be able to defend their faith and present the truth to a skeptical modern world – that the Jesus of the Gospels is the Jesus of history — “the same yesterday, today and forever” (Hebrews 13:8). He is the real Jesus.
Speakers include: George Grant, Ted Baehr, Stephen Mansfield, Raymond Ortlund, Phil Kayser, David Lutzweiler, Jay Grimstead, J.P. Holding, and Eric Holmberg.
Ten parts, over two hours of instruction!
Running Time: 130 minutes
$19.95 — ORDER NOW!(We accept all major credit cards and PayPal.)