How can we know anything to be true? AMBomb claims science is the path to true knowledge. Science has two applications for discovering knowledge.
1. Science that is reproducible in a lab is called experimental science
2. That which is seen by observation is empirical science
is any religion that says there is only one God who is the Supreme Being in the universe.
is any philosophy that claims that man is the highest intelligence in the universe.
It is interesting that atheism did not exist as a working philosophy until the age of rationalism in the 1700s. But even then the rationalist religion was Deism -- the idea that scientific law ruled the universe without the interference of a Creator God who may have created the universe, but did not have a personal relationship with His creation. Atheism didn't come about as a developed philosophy until the late 18th century to early 19th century.
While the Bible which states that atheism and polytheism came about as man's mind became darkened by sin, the rationalists presupposed that monotheism evolved from a primitive animism.
The argument of every atheist scientist or philosopher -- whether Freud, Voltaire, Marx, Nietzsche -- is always the same. Primitive man needed a god or gods to explain the natural phenomena that threatened man. If a man threatens your life, you can negotiate a peace, but if natural forces threaten your life -- storms, fires, animals, disease -- you must negotiate with the spirit behind that force. The primitive animist lived in fear always trying to appease the spirit world he did not understand. The atheist hypothesized that theism eventually evolved out of a primitive animism. Eventually, they thought, as science provided the answers to man's problems, the need to believe in God would become obsolete.
While this approach is logical, it contains an extremely flawed presuppostion -- that a natural human being can know anything to be "true."
The fallacy of philosophical systems, such as deistic rationalism or atheism, is bound up in the feigned existence of human autonomy. If human beings are autonomous, then they have no Creator to which they are accountable. If human beings are products of chance, then there is no possibility of knowing anything to be true.
The problem with this way of thinking was perhaps best expressed by the evolutionist Charles Darwin (who remained a theist in his later life). Charles Darwin recognized this problem when he wrote in a letter:
"The horrid doubt always arises whether the convictions of man's mind, which has developed from the mind of lower animals, are of any value or at all trustworthy. Would anyone trust the convictions of a monkey's mind, if there are any convictions in such a mind?"
Darwin, Charles, 1881. Letter to W. Graham. In F. Darwin, ed., The Life and Letters of Charles Darwin. New York, D. Appleton & Co., 1905. http://pages.britishlibrary.net/charles ... s1_08.html
Rationalism declared the autonomy of human reason. The problem, however, is that human reason may very well be the delusion of human beings who are scientifically speaking nothing more than meaningless pieces of protoplasm wandering aimlessly through the void.
Monotheism can be arrived at by natural thought processes. The fact that we can know anything to be true presupposes an all-knowing Creator of the universe. Christian theism can only come about by presupposing special revelation in the form of the written Word of God.
Therefore, the Christian apologetic must make its beginning from the presupposition that the Lord Christ, the Creator of the universe, speaks to man with an absolute authority and is the source of all Truth. In fact, only a philosophy that presupposes an all-knowing Supreme Being can claim that man can know anything to be true with certainty. Only Christianity can explain the personal nature and characteristics of this Supreme Being.