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Notes on Daniel: Who is the Little Horn, the Beast, the Whore of Babylon, the Antichrist and the Man of Sin?

By Jay Rogers
Published August 1, 2019

One of the inherent problems with taking a futurist, historicist or a preterist approach in naming the Beast of Revelation 13 is a confusion of terms in different biblical passages. Most assume from the outset that the Antichrist, the Man of Sin, the Beast, the Little Horn, and the Whore of Babylon are the same figure. I interpret these to be different figures.


In the Days of These Kings (Book)

Perfect-bound Paperback — 740 pages

The Book of Daniel in Preterist Perspective

“And in the days of these kings shall the God of heaven set up a kingdom, which shall never be destroyed: and the kingdom shall not be left to other people, but it shall break in pieces and consume all these kingdoms, and it shall stand for ever” (Daniel 2:44).

The overarching message of Daniel is that Jesus the Messiah is even now ruling over the nations. He is the King of kings. Daniel tells us that Messiah’s kingdom will advance in the whole world from “generation to generation” (Daniel 4:4,34). Christ’s dominion is “given to the people of the saints of the most High” (Daniel 7:22). Our purpose then is to see “all people, nations, and languages … serve and obey him” (Daniel 7:14,27).

This comprehensive work offers a fascinating look at the book of Daniel in preterist perspective. Great attention is paid to the writings of ancient and modern historians and scholars to connect the dots and demonstrate the continuity of Daniel’s prophecy with all of Scripture.

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The Fourth Kingdom of Daniel — Rome at the time of Jesus and the Apostles. Whether or not it can be seen as extending into the Middle Ages is ruled out by Daniel when he describes the great military might of the Roman Empire and the coming of the kingdom in Jesus’ day, “And in the days of these kings shall the God of heaven set up a kingdom, which shall never be destroyed” (Daniel 2:44).

The Little Horn of Daniel 7 — This is specifically Nero. (Calvin thought it was the Roman Caesars beginning with Julius and his immediate successors – especially Nero through Vespasian.)

The Beast of Revelation — Rome in the time of Jesus and the Apostles and in certain cases specifically Nero.

The Whore of Babylon — The city of Jerusalem. “And in her was found the blood of prophets and saints, and of all who were slain on the earth” (Revelation 18:24).

The False Prophet — The High Priest who causes the inhabitants of the land to worship the Beast. This speaks of the collusion between the Sanhedrin and Rome in crucifying Jesus and persecuting the saints.

(In my view of Revelation 13,17-19, specifically, the Beast is Nero; Babylon is the city of Jerusalem; the Whore of Babylon is the system of false worship at the Temple; the false prophet is the High Priest.)

The Antichrist — Anyone who does not believe that Jesus was God in the flesh. Antichrist is not described as one satanic entity – as the Beast of Revelation – but as any person or teaching that denies the Incarnation.

The Man of Sin — The same figure as the Antichrist. I part company with mos*t preterists here. I don’t think that the man of sin can be Nero because of the context of the passage.

Now we beseech you, brethren, by the coming of our Lord Jesus Christ, and by our gathering together unto him… Let no man deceive you by any means: for that day shall not come, except there come a falling away first, and that man of sin be revealed … and now ye know what witholdeth that he might be revealed in his time … only he who now letteth will let, until he be taken out of the way. And then shall that Wicked be revealed (2 Thessalonians 2:1-8).

While the “falling away” in 2 Thessalonians 2 could be interpreted as an apostasy just before the fall of Jerusalem, and the “coming of our Lord” could be understood as the Lord coming in judgment and destruction on Jerusalem – I do not think that this is consistent with the context of the passage. Paul here is addressing questions about the Second Coming. He is saying that it will happen after a general apostasy as described in Revelation 20:7-9 and elsewhere. I address this more in another note below.


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Your comments are welcome!

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Martin Luther: Digitally Remastered 1953 Classic (DVD)

“Here I stand … I can do no other!”

With these immortal words, an unknown German monk sparked a spiritual revolution that changed the world.

The dramatic classic film of Martin Luther’s life was released in theaters worldwide in the 1950s and was nominated for two Oscars. A magnificent depiction of Luther and the forces at work in the surrounding society that resulted in his historic reform efforts, this film traces Luther’s life from a guilt-burdened monk to his eventual break with the Roman Catholic Church.

Running time: 105 minutes

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The Four Keys to the Millennium (Book)

Foundations in Biblical Eschatology

By Jay Rogers, Larry Waugh, Rodney Stortz, Joseph Meiring. High quality paperback, 167 pages.

All Christians believe that their great God and Savior, Jesus Christ, will one day return. Although we cannot know the exact time of His return, what exactly did Jesus mean when he spoke of the signs of His coming (Mat. 24)? How are we to interpret the prophecies in Isaiah regarding the time when “the earth will be full of the knowledge of the LORD as the waters cover the sea” (Isa. 11:19)? Should we expect a time of great tribulation and apostasy or revival and reformation before the Lord returns? Is the devil bound now, and are the saints reigning with Christ? Did you know that there are four hermeneutical approaches to the book of Daniel and Revelation?

These and many more questions are dealt with by four authors as they present the four views on the millennium. Each view is then critiqued by the other three authors.

Special discount prices:

(We accept PayPal and all major credit cards.)

Click here for more information


In the Days of These Kings (Book)

Perfect-bound Paperback — 740 pages

The Book of Daniel in Preterist Perspective

“And in the days of these kings shall the God of heaven set up a kingdom, which shall never be destroyed: and the kingdom shall not be left to other people, but it shall break in pieces and consume all these kingdoms, and it shall stand for ever” (Daniel 2:44).

The overarching message of Daniel is that Jesus the Messiah is even now ruling over the nations. He is the King of kings. Daniel tells us that Messiah’s kingdom will advance in the whole world from “generation to generation” (Daniel 4:4,34). Christ’s dominion is “given to the people of the saints of the most High” (Daniel 7:22). Our purpose then is to see “all people, nations, and languages … serve and obey him” (Daniel 7:14,27).

This comprehensive work offers a fascinating look at the book of Daniel in preterist perspective. Great attention is paid to the writings of ancient and modern historians and scholars to connect the dots and demonstrate the continuity of Daniel’s prophecy with all of Scripture.

Special discount prices:

(We accept PayPal and all major credit cards.)

Click here for more information


Why Creeds and Confessions? (Book)

High Quality Paperback — 219 pages

Foundations in Biblical Orthodoxy

Driving down a country road sometime, you might see a church with a sign proudly proclaiming: “No book but the Bible — No creed but Christ.” The problem with this statement is that the word creed (from the Latin: credo) simply means “belief.” All Christians have beliefs, regardless of whether they are written.

Yet a single book containing the actual texts of the most important creeds of the early Church will not often be found. Out of the multitude of works on the evangelical Christian book market today, those dealing with the creeds of the Church are scarce.

Why Creeds and Confessions? provides a foundation of biblical orthodoxy as a defense against the false and truly heretical doctrines advanced by the spirit of this age.

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(We accept PayPal and all major credit cards.)

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Go Stand Speak (DVD)

With “preaching to the lost” being such a basic foundation of Christianity, why do many in the church seem to be apathetic on this issue of preaching in highways and byways of towns and cities?

Is it biblical to stand in the public places of the world and proclaim the gospel, regardless if people want to hear it or not?

Does the Bible really call church pastors, leaders and evangelists to proclaim the gospel in the public square as part of obedience to the Great Commission, or is public preaching something that is outdated and not applicable for our day and age?

These any many other questions are answered in this documentary.

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