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Notes on Daniel: Little Horn, Beast, Babylon, Antichrist, Man of Sin

By Jay Rogers
Published April 27, 2008

Are they one figure or many?

One of the inherent problems with taking a futurist, historicist or a preterist approach in naming the Beast of Revelation 13 is a confusion of terms in disparate biblical passages.

Most assume from the outset that the antichrist, the man of sin, the Beast, the Little Horn, and the whore of Babylon are the same figure.

So I wanted to state why I see it differently:

THE FOURTH KINGDOM OF DANIEL = Rome at the time of Jesus and the apostles. Whether or not it can be seen as extending in the Middle Ages is refuted by Daniel when he describes the great military might of the Roman Empire and the coming of the kingdom in Jesus day, “And in the days of these kings shall the God of heaven set up a kingdom, which shall never be destroyed” (Daniel 2:44).

THE LITTLE HORN OF DANIEL = This is specifically Nero. (Calvin thought it was Julius Caesar and his immediate successors up until the time of Nero.)

THE BEAST OF REVELATION = Rome at the time of Jesus and the Apostles and specifically Nero.

THE WHORE OF BABYLON = The city of Jerusalem. “And in her was found the blood of prophets and saints, and of all who were slain on the earth” (Revelation 18:24).

(In my view of Revelation 17-19, specifically, the Beast is Nero; Babylon is the city of Jerusalem; the Harlot is the system of false temple worship; the false prophet is the High Priest.)

THE ANTICHRIST = A description of anyone people who doesn’t believe in the teachings of Jesus. He is not described as one satanic entity — as the beast of Revelation — but as a person, any person, who deviates from Christian orthodoxy.

THE MAN OF SIN = The same figure as the antichrist. I deviate from most preterists here. I don’t think that the man of sin can be Nero because of the context of the passage:

Now we beseech you, brethren, by the coming of our Lord Jesus Christ, and by our gathering together unto him… Let no man deceive you by any means: for that day shall not come, except there come a falling away first, and that man of sin be revealed… and now ye know what witholdeth that he might be revealed in his time… only he who now letteth will let, until he be taken out of the way. And then shall that Wicked be revealed (2 Thessalonians 2:1-8).

While the “falling away” could be interpreted as an apostasy just before the fall of Jerusalem, and the “coming of our Lord” could be understood as the Lord coming in judgment and destruction on Jerusalem — I do not think that this is consistent with the context of the passage. Paul here is addressing questions about the Second Coming. He is saying that it will happen after a general apostasy described in Revelation 20:7-9 and elsewhere.


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The title of this book is a misnomer. In reality, I am not trying to get anyone to shut up, but rather to provoke a discussion. This book is a warning about the philosophy of “Christian postmodernism” and the threat that it poses not only to Christian orthodoxy, but to the peace and prosperity our culture as well. The purpose is to equip the reader with some basic principles that can be used to refute their arguments.

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