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Notes on Daniel: Daniel 7 – Who are the “ten kings”?

By Jay Rogers
Published August 6, 2019

And the ten horns out of this kingdom are ten kings that shall arise: and another shall rise after them; and he shall be diverse from the first, and he shall subdue three kings (Daniel 7:24).

The ten kings of Daniel 7:24 are the line of Roman emperors that envelop New Testament history, namely, Julius, Augustus, Tiberius, Claudius, Caligula, Nero, Galba, Otho, Vitellius and Vespasian.


In the Days of These Kings (Book)

Perfect-bound Paperback — 740 pages

The Book of Daniel in Preterist Perspective

“And in the days of these kings shall the God of heaven set up a kingdom, which shall never be destroyed: and the kingdom shall not be left to other people, but it shall break in pieces and consume all these kingdoms, and it shall stand for ever” (Daniel 2:44).

The overarching message of Daniel is that Jesus the Messiah is even now ruling over the nations. He is the King of kings. Daniel tells us that Messiah’s kingdom will advance in the whole world from “generation to generation” (Daniel 4:4,34). Christ’s dominion is “given to the people of the saints of the most High” (Daniel 7:22). Our purpose then is to see “all people, nations, and languages … serve and obey him” (Daniel 7:14,27).

This comprehensive work offers a fascinating look at the book of Daniel in preterist perspective. Great attention is paid to the writings of ancient and modern historians and scholars to connect the dots and demonstrate the continuity of Daniel’s prophecy with all of Scripture.

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To understand New Testament passages such as Matthew 24 and Revelation 13, we have to understand correctly why Daniel is prophesying. We have to understand God’s purpose in giving Daniel’s prophecy to be fulfilled in history.

As I wrote previously, Daniel is not a prophecy given to Protestants to describe the time of the Reformation. It is not a prophecy given to Christians today that describes events in our future. It is a prophecy given to the Jews to prove the time of the coming Messiah. The context and purpose of the passage point to a first century fulfillment. Key timing elements of the prophecy, as well as descriptions of the “Little Horn,” point to Nero Caesar.

If we say, for instance, that the “Little Horn” (Daniel 7 and 8) is the papacy and Islam in the Middle Ages, or a future Antichrist figure who will come out of the Middle East, then we also have to show how that is specifically applicable to the context and purpose of Daniel’s prophecy.

Futurism is about the end-times – an area of study forbidden by Jesus. The times are not for us to know, but the Father only (Matthew 24:36). The Bible does not give us an agenda of world events in our day. The predictive nature of prophecy points either to important events in the redemption of the nation of Israel (so that the righteous would know what to do according to 1 Chronicles 12:32) – or prophecy points to the First or Second Coming of Christ. We cannot know where we are exactly in the time before the Second Coming. Jesus was silent about that.

I am a partial preterist, but I am also flexible in general applications. I would say that these “Beast” prophecies may be applied to any ruler who is “anti-Christ.” While I am not looking for one future Antichrist – and I do not believe that the Roman Catholic papacy or Islam is the Antichrist – I would not hesitate to make an application by saying the same spirit that ruled Nero also ruled these diabolical powers. Even though very little of the Bible is written directly to us (John 20:30,31), all of it is written for us.

We can best understand the ten kings of Daniel 7:24 as the line of Roman emperors whose reigns span most of New Testament history. Daniel 7:24 must mean the same thing as 7:8 and 7:20. The interpretation of the dream cannot suddenly shift to contradict the dream itself. There is a sequence that repeats three times in the dream. First, Daniel has the dream. Then he asks the angel to interpret the dream while describing what he saw. Finally, the angel gives the interpretation. The angel’s interpretation fits the meaning of the dream and does not contradict. Daniel 7:24 is confusing because in isolation it seems to say the “Little Horn” came up “after” the ten rather than “among” the ten. However, Daniel 7:8 and 20 show that the little horn comes “after” the three and subdues them. Therefore, “after” in Daniel 7:24 must refer to the three kings and not the ten.

For a more detailed analysis, see: Daniel 7:24 — Is the Little Horn “after them” or “among them”?


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God's Law and SocietyGod's Law and Society (DVD)

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6. What about the separation of Church and State?
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Go Stand Speak (DVD)

With “preaching to the lost” being such a basic foundation of Christianity, why do many in the church seem to be apathetic on this issue of preaching in highways and byways of towns and cities?

Is it biblical to stand in the public places of the world and proclaim the gospel, regardless if people want to hear it or not?

Does the Bible really call church pastors, leaders and evangelists to proclaim the gospel in the public square as part of obedience to the Great Commission, or is public preaching something that is outdated and not applicable for our day and age?

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The Beast of Revelation IdentifiedThe Beast of Revelation: Identified (DVD)

Who is the dreaded beast of Revelation?

Now at last, a plausible candidate for this personification of evil incarnate has been identified (or re-identified). Ken Gentry’s insightful analysis of scripture and history is likely to revolutionize your understanding of the book of Revelation — and even more importantly — amplify and energize your entire Christian worldview!

Historical footage and other graphics are used to illustrate the lecture Dr. Gentry presented at the 1999 Ligonier Conference in Orlando, Florida. It is followed by a one-hour question and answer session addressing the key concerns and objections typically raised in response to his position. This presentation also features an introduction that touches on not only the confusion and controversy surrounding this issue — but just why it may well be one of the most significant issues facing the Church today.

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Abortion Clinic 911 Calls (DVD)

Exposes the Dangers of Abortion to Women!

These shocking eyewitness accounts expose the dangers of abortion not only to unborn children, but to the health and lives women as well. An antidote to the smokescreens of the liberal media, these short clips show what really happens in and around abortion clinics.

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Frank Schaeffer Will You Please Shut Up! (Book)

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A Reasonable Response to Christian Postmodernism

Includes a response to the book Christian Jihad by Colonel V. Doner

The title of this book is a misnomer. In reality, I am not trying to get anyone to shut up, but rather to provoke a discussion. This book is a warning about the philosophy of “Christian postmodernism” and the threat that it poses not only to Christian orthodoxy, but to the peace and prosperity our culture as well. The purpose is to equip the reader with some basic principles that can be used to refute their arguments.

Part 1 is a response to some of the recent writings by Frank Schaeffer, the son of the late Francis Schaeffer. This was originally written as a defense against Frank’s attacks on pro-life street activism – a movement that his father helped bring into being through his books, A Christian Manifesto, How Should We Then Live? and Whatever Happened to the Human Race? These works have impacted literally hundreds of thousands of Christian activists.

Part 2 is a response to Colonel Doner and his book, Christian Jihad: Neo-Fundamentalists and the Polarization of America. Doner was one of the key architects of the Christian Right that emerged in the 1980s, who now represents the disillusionment and defection many Christian activists experienced in the 1990s and 2000s. There is still great hope for America to be reformed according to biblical principles. As a new generation is emerging, it is important to recognize the mistakes that Christian activists have made in the past even while holding to a vision for the future.

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