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Evidence from Pre-Maccabean Writings

By Jay Rogers
Published January 19, 2019

There is evidence that Daniel was known prior to the time of Antiochus Epiphanes as far back as the Persian period. As I argue in “Old Testament References and Allusions to Daniel – Zechariah,” the structure and symbolism of Zechariah forms a “bridge” between Daniel and Revelation.

There is also a direct quote shared between Daniel 9 and Nehemiah 1, in which the language of an intercessory prayer is quoted exactly. I deal with this in “Old Testament References and Allusions to Daniel – Nehemiah.”


In the Days of These Kings (Book)

Perfect-bound Paperback — 740 pages

The Book of Daniel in Preterist Perspective

“And in the days of these kings shall the God of heaven set up a kingdom, which shall never be destroyed: and the kingdom shall not be left to other people, but it shall break in pieces and consume all these kingdoms, and it shall stand for ever” (Daniel 2:44).

The overarching message of Daniel is that Jesus the Messiah is even now ruling over the nations. He is the King of kings. Daniel tells us that Messiah’s kingdom will advance in the whole world from “generation to generation” (Daniel 4:4,34). Christ’s dominion is “given to the people of the saints of the most High” (Daniel 7:22). Our purpose then is to see “all people, nations, and languages … serve and obey him” (Daniel 7:14,27).

This comprehensive work offers a fascinating look at the book of Daniel in preterist perspective. Great attention is paid to the writings of ancient and modern historians and scholars to connect the dots and demonstrate the continuity of Daniel’s prophecy with all of Scripture.

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Daniel is alluded to extensively in the Book of Baruch, which is thought by some conservative Roman Catholic scholars to be a work compiled during the Persian period prior to 330 BC, although some liberals date it to the post-Maccabean period precisely because the text follows Daniel. My estimated date for the Book of Baruch is the early Hellenistic period c. 300 to 200 BC.

1 Maccabees chapters 1 and 2 are also reliant on Daniel – especially 1 Maccabees 2:59,60. The likelihood of Daniel being influenced by Baruch and 1 Maccabees, rather than the other way around is slim. Daniel was quoted as Scripture in commentaries found at Qumran and in the New Testament, while the Jews never accepted Baruch and Maccabees as canonical. This indicates a period of acceptance of Daniel prior to the composition of these dependent works.

In the section, “Old Testament References and Allusions to Daniel – Book of Baruch and Judas Maccabeus,” I argue that while the apocryphal Books of Baruch, 1 and 2 Maccabees were written in Hebrew or Aramaic, the only surviving copies from early on were in Greek. Since these books lacked a Hebrew pedigree, the Jews have never considered them to be canonical. However, Daniel has an early attestation in the Hebrew canon. Further, since both books share common material with Daniel, it is putting the cart before the horse to say that Daniel followed the apocrypha. It should be obvious that the apocrypha were influenced by Daniel.

We find Daniel’s influence on 1 and 2 Enoch of about that same era. There is a strong Daniel influence on 1 Enoch 83-90. In Daniel 4:13,17,23, there are references to a “watcher” and a “holy one” (“watcher,” Aramaic: `iyr; “holy one,” Aramaic: qaddiysh) – a class of angels that is further developed in the Aramaic books of 1 and 2 Enoch.

We also find Daniel referenced and alluded to in the Sibylline Oracles. For example, the imagery of one root being cut from ten horns is a reference to Daniel 7:7,8,20,24.

Producing one root which the bane of men
Shall cut from ten horns, and plant by their side
Another plant (Sibylline Oracles III.493-495, trans. M.S. Terry).


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The Four Keys to the Millennium (Book)

Foundations in Biblical Eschatology

By Jay Rogers, Larry Waugh, Rodney Stortz, Joseph Meiring. High quality paperback, 167 pages.

All Christians believe that their great God and Savior, Jesus Christ, will one day return. Although we cannot know the exact time of His return, what exactly did Jesus mean when he spoke of the signs of His coming (Mat. 24)? How are we to interpret the prophecies in Isaiah regarding the time when “the earth will be full of the knowledge of the LORD as the waters cover the sea” (Isa. 11:19)? Should we expect a time of great tribulation and apostasy or revival and reformation before the Lord returns? Is the devil bound now, and are the saints reigning with Christ? Did you know that there are four hermeneutical approaches to the book of Daniel and Revelation?

These and many more questions are dealt with by four authors as they present the four views on the millennium. Each view is then critiqued by the other three authors.

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Dr. Francis Schaeffer - How Should We Then Live? (DVD)

Special Two-Disc Set!

After 40 years of intense study and world-wide ministry, Dr. Francis Schaeffer completed his crowning work of scholarship – to present profound truths in simple film language. Dr. Schaeffer’s brilliant analysis of the past and predictions for current trends have proven so uncannily accurate that this amazing series still feels contemporary almost three decades after its initial release. Ultimately, Schaeffer concludes that man’s only hope is a return to God’s Biblical absolute, the truth revealed in Christ through the Scriptures.

Available for the first time on DVD, this documentary spectacular also includes intimate in-depth conversations with Francis and Edith Schaeffer. With the on-disc study guide, this presentation forms a unique course of comprehensive study. While this series forms an innovative analysis of the past, this outstanding work is more than history. Each episode focuses on a significant era, yet speaks clearly to 21st-century man with answers for modern problems.

$49.95 — ORDER NOW!

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Go Stand Speak (DVD)

With “preaching to the lost” being such a basic foundation of Christianity, why do many in the church seem to be apathetic on this issue of preaching in highways and byways of towns and cities?

Is it biblical to stand in the public places of the world and proclaim the gospel, regardless if people want to hear it or not?

Does the Bible really call church pastors, leaders and evangelists to proclaim the gospel in the public square as part of obedience to the Great Commission, or is public preaching something that is outdated and not applicable for our day and age?

These any many other questions are answered in this documentary.

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The Beast of Revelation IdentifiedThe Beast of Revelation: Identified (DVD)

Who is the dreaded beast of Revelation?

Now at last, a plausible candidate for this personification of evil incarnate has been identified (or re-identified). Ken Gentry’s insightful analysis of scripture and history is likely to revolutionize your understanding of the book of Revelation — and even more importantly — amplify and energize your entire Christian worldview!

Historical footage and other graphics are used to illustrate the lecture Dr. Gentry presented at the 1999 Ligonier Conference in Orlando, Florida. It is followed by a one-hour question and answer session addressing the key concerns and objections typically raised in response to his position. This presentation also features an introduction that touches on not only the confusion and controversy surrounding this issue — but just why it may well be one of the most significant issues facing the Church today.

Ideal for group meetings, personal Bible study — for anyone who wants to understand the historical context of John’s famous letter “… to the seven churches which are in Asia.” (Revelation 1:4)

Running Time: 145 minutes

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Frank Schaeffer Will You Please Shut Up! (Book)

High Quality Paperback — 200 pages

A Reasonable Response to Christian Postmodernism

Includes a response to the book Christian Jihad by Colonel V. Doner

The title of this book is a misnomer. In reality, I am not trying to get anyone to shut up, but rather to provoke a discussion. This book is a warning about the philosophy of “Christian postmodernism” and the threat that it poses not only to Christian orthodoxy, but to the peace and prosperity our culture as well. The purpose is to equip the reader with some basic principles that can be used to refute their arguments.

Part 1 is a response to some of the recent writings by Frank Schaeffer, the son of the late Francis Schaeffer. This was originally written as a defense against Frank’s attacks on pro-life street activism – a movement that his father helped bring into being through his books, A Christian Manifesto, How Should We Then Live? and Whatever Happened to the Human Race? These works have impacted literally hundreds of thousands of Christian activists.

Part 2 is a response to Colonel Doner and his book, Christian Jihad: Neo-Fundamentalists and the Polarization of America. Doner was one of the key architects of the Christian Right that emerged in the 1980s, who now represents the disillusionment and defection many Christian activists experienced in the 1990s and 2000s. There is still great hope for America to be reformed according to biblical principles. As a new generation is emerging, it is important to recognize the mistakes that Christian activists have made in the past even while holding to a vision for the future.

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