By Jeff Ziegler
Published January 7, 2008
Dynamic outpourings within the church and its corresponding effects upon a given society – or a “spiritual awakening” – has long been the great divine means by which Christ has dramatically advanced His redemptive purposes in the earth.
Throughout the scriptures and church history the Lord of heaven and earth can be seen radiating His glorious perfections with unusual power to particular generations of the elect, who under God’s influence perform great exploits against sin and iniquity, often transforming entire nations with heavenly glory.
To most evangelicals, the life and testimony of the reformers of a bygone era are quite familiar. Names such as Luther, Knox, Edwards, Whitefield, Wesley, and Finney to name just a few, are generally synonymous with large sweeping movements of Christianity which engulf entire generations. Yet this familiarity often makes the discussion of revival difficult in that any inquiry into revival becomes personality based. This in turn hinders the discovery of the underpinning theology and immutable principles which foster such movements of holy grandeur.
The purpose of our inquiry concerning revival is to uncover the biblical foundations of such awakenings that we may practically implement these principals in our present generation. My hope is that revival will no longer be viewed as a mysterious capricious act of the sovereign Christ but instead seen as part of His overall purposes in maturing the church and advancing His rule among the nations.
REVIVAL – To restore from a depressed, inactive, or unused state. A restoration of force or validity. (Websters)
“Oh that thou wouldest rend the heavens, that thou wouldest come down, that the mountains might flow down at thy presence.” Isaiah 64:1
In order to understand revival and spiritual awakening in a biblical context with all of its high and lofty dimensions, one must inquire beyond fundamental dictionary explanations and preconceived cultural ideas concerning revival. There must be a renewed effort to embrace a theological, historic and global appreciation for this otherworldly phenomenon, if revival is to be more than a byword in our generation.
Three Misunderstandings About “Revival”
Before a proper definition of revival can take place there are three major misunderstandings concerning revival which must be overcome.
The first of these barriers is the all too common cultural understanding of revival which exists among the majority of American evangelicals. Such understanding generally sees revival in terms of a given local church holding a set of special evangelistic meetings usually scheduled in the spring and fall. This sort of meeting would ordinarily include special speakers and varied musical presentations in order to make an appeal for unregenerate sinners to be converted to Christ. That this kind of meeting has value and at times can even assist in the expansion of revival once it is already in progress there can be no doubt. However, evangelistic meetings do not represent authentic biblical revival! Evangelism should be an ongoing function of the church whether the dynamic of revival is present or not.
Another major obstacle in forming a proper understanding of revival again revolves around a cultural difficulty. The critics of revival (I speak here of evangelicals who no longer believe revival a possibility), often cite that the great historical awakenings were generally confined to 18th and 19th century America and Britain because their respective cultures were suited to such religious movements. The implication being that there cannot exist an immutable set of biblical principles which can transcend time and sophistication of culture in order to bring revival to every tribe and kindred on earth.
Of course, this short and truncated view fails to take into account the mighty evangelical awakenings which are currently taking place in such diverse places as Asia, South America, Africa, and the Soviet Union. Thus it is is imperative for the success of the churches global mission that we reject any notion that revival is based upon certain cultural conditions. Revival is distinctly biblical not cultural!
The third major obstacle in arriving at an understanding of revival and spiritual awakening has to do with a confusion over the terms themselves. Very often the terms “revival” and “spiritual awakening” are used interchangeably to describe large numbers of converts being added to the church in a very short period of time. Large numbers of converts can be expected as a result of what is called a “spiritual awakening.” Revival and spiritual awakening are related; both may be attended by the salvation of a large number of souls. However, they are in fact two separate events.
In light of our discussion so far, it is now time to properly define the terms revival and spiritual awakening. While there exist many good and varied explanations for revival, we will opt for simplicity by defining revival as a recovery of Christ’s glorified testimony within a particular generation of the church. Such revival may take place on a local scale, but usually takes on national and international implications. The marks of such reviving include corporate repentance, humility, renewed spiritual vigor, holiness of life, and large sweeping movements of corporate prayer. Thus revival is a specific blessing of divine intervention which Christ bestows to the elect in order to arrest spiritual atrophy and enhance the churches testimony in society.
Spiritual awakening on the other hand, takes place when an already “revived” church begins to righteously leaven the society in which it is located. The evidences of awakening usually include mass conversions and dramatic changes in a given nation’s social structure. Virtually every historic revival has inaugurated an awakening which has challenged and reformed society in some degree. This all encompassing vision can best be summed up in a little known yet poignant statement by the great 19th century revivalist Charles G. Finney in which he exhorted:
“Now the great business of the church is to reform the world – to put away every kind of sin. The church of Christ was originally organized to be a body of reformers … The Christian church was designed to make aggressive movements in every direction – to lift up her voice and put forth her energies against iniquity in high and low places – to reform individuals, communities, and governments, and never rest until the Kingdom and the greatness of the Kingdom under the whole heaven shall be given to the saints of the most high God – till every form of iniquity is driven from the earth.”
Let us now summarize our opening statements concerning revival and spiritual awakening.
1) Revival and spiritual awakening cannot be defined from a cultural perspective. Culture cannot create revival movements. Revival is based upon immutable biblical principals and this in turn affects both church and culture.
2) Revival is distinctive in that it embodies the sovereign movements of Christ on behalf of His church, in order to enhance her testimony in a given generation.
3) Spiritual awakening takes place among those who are lost in sin due to the relevance of an already revived church.
This is part one in a two part series by Jeff Ziegler on Revival and Spiritual Awakening.
Jeff Ziegler is president of Christian Evangelistic Endeavors, a ministry dedicated to bringing a great and mighty revival to the Church and spiritual awakening throughout the nations. C.E.E. sponsors Intensive Revival School, a two year discipleship training program designed to prepare students for the ministry. Revival Flame, a bi-monthly newsletter published by C.E.E., contains articles written by staff members and revivalists of old concerning revivals past and present. If you wish to receive Revival Flame, write to the following address:
c/o Christian Evangelistic Endeavors, Inc.
35155 Beachpark Dr.
Eastlake, OH 44095
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What is true Revival and Spiritual Awakening?
Discover the answer in this eyewitness account by Dennis Kinlaw, President of Asbury College, Wilmore, Kentucky, who recounts the story of a visitation of the Holy Spirit in 1970. This is the presentation that has continued to spark the flames of Revival in the hearts of people around the world. Contains eyewitness footage from the Revival at Asbury College in 1970 in Wilmore, Kentucky.
Certain to challenge you to greater holiness and a deeper commitment to full-scale revival. Original news and private footage has been included. If you are a student who longs to see a spiritual awakening at your school, you must see this video!
“This simple video does a wonderful job of conveying something of God’s heart and power, Everyone we have ever shown this to has received an immediate impartation of faith for revival and the power of prayer.”
— Bob and Rose Weiner, Weiner Ministries Int’l
Running Time: 40 minutes
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“When the lives of the unborn are snuffed out, they often feel pain, pain that is long and agonizing.” – President Ronald Reagan to National Religious Broadcasters Convention, January 1981
Ronald Reagan became convinced of this as a result of watching The Silent Scream – a movie he considered so powerful and convicting that he screened it at the White House.
The modern technology of real-time ultrasound now reveals the actual responses of a 12-week old fetus to being aborted. As the unborn child attempts to escape the abortionist’s suction curette, her motions can be seen to become desperately agitated and her heart rate doubles. Her mouth opens – as if to scream – but no sound can come out. Her scream doesn’t have to remain silent, however … not if you will become her voice. This newly re-mastered version features eight language tracks and two bonus videos.
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Running Time: 28 minutes
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That Swiss Hermit Strikes Again!
Dr. Schaeffer, who was one of the most influential Christian thinkers in the twentieth century, shows that secular humanism has displaced the Judeo-Christian consensus that once defined our nation’s moral boundaries. Law, education, and medicine have all been reshaped for the worse as a consequence. America’s dominant worldview changed, Schaeffer charges, when Christians weren’t looking.
Schaeffer lists two reasons for evangelical indifference: a false concept of spirituality and fear. He calls on believers to stand against the tyranny and moral chaos that come when humanism reigns-and warns that believers may, at some point, be forced to make the hard choice between obeying God or Caesar. A Christian Manifesto is a thought-provoking and bracing Christian analysis of American culture and the obligation Christians have to engage the culture with the claims of Christ.
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With “preaching to the lost” being such a basic foundation of Christianity, why do many in the church seem to be apathetic on this issue of preaching in highways and byways of towns and cities?
Is it biblical to stand in the public places of the world and proclaim the gospel, regardless if people want to hear it or not?
Does the Bible really call church pastors, leaders and evangelists to proclaim the gospel in the public square as part of obedience to the Great Commission, or is public preaching something that is outdated and not applicable for our day and age?
These any many other questions are answered in this documentary.
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A Reasonable Response to Christian Postmodernism
Includes a response to the book Christian Jihad by Colonel V. Doner
The title of this book is a misnomer. In reality, I am not trying to get anyone to shut up, but rather to provoke a discussion. This book is a warning about the philosophy of “Christian postmodernism” and the threat that it poses not only to Christian orthodoxy, but to the peace and prosperity our culture as well. The purpose is to equip the reader with some basic principles that can be used to refute their arguments.
Part 1 is a response to some of the recent writings by Frank Schaeffer, the son of the late Francis Schaeffer. This was originally written as a defense against Frank’s attacks on pro-life street activism – a movement that his father helped bring into being through his books, A Christian Manifesto, How Should We Then Live? and Whatever Happened to the Human Race? These works have impacted literally hundreds of thousands of Christian activists.
Part 2 is a response to Colonel Doner and his book, Christian Jihad: Neo-Fundamentalists and the Polarization of America. Doner was one of the key architects of the Christian Right that emerged in the 1980s, who now represents the disillusionment and defection many Christian activists experienced in the 1990s and 2000s. There is still great hope for America to be reformed according to biblical principles. As a new generation is emerging, it is important to recognize the mistakes that Christian activists have made in the past even while holding to a vision for the future.
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