By Jeff Ziegler
Published May 1, 2000
God has instituted three great spheres of government to restrain the inherent wickedness of man and to further His kingdom throughout the earth. The state, the church, and the family, when harnessed under and according to the law of God, function to augment each other in their respective duties to God. Each of these establishments have powers, both negative and positive, which either reward righteous behavior or punish long term lawbreaking.
The family is given the power of inheritance and disinheritance. The church wields the power of the keys to bind into fellowship or to excommunicate. Whereas the state is charged by God to visibly reward righteousness, and to repress wickedness with the power of the sword. The negative sanctions outlined in each of these governing institutions are all under attack in the modern era. The notion of disinheritance is deemed primitive and against egalitarian models of familial love. Antinomianism within the church has made corrective discipline and excommunication relics of a bygone age. So too, the state has neutered the sanction of the death penalty.
In fact, death penalty politics run to bi-polar extremes that are bereft of any immutable ethical anchor. On one hand, the federal government enacts laws which extend the death penalty to crimes which the Scriptures do not support nor warrant. Continued unchecked and driven by political whim or expediency, such frenetic legislative fits erect the foundations for tyranny. On the other hand, liberal humanistic political paradigms promote the rehabilitation of criminals whose heinous acts demand the death sanction. The liberal humanist denies the inherent sinfulness of man and blames all miscreant acts on the environment. Hence, if you change the environment, you have the chance, in their minds, of reforming the lawbreaker.
The conservative demands justice and claims that the death sanction is a deterrence to crime. The liberal views the death penalty as barbaric and inhumane. Following conservative logic to its ultimate conclusion, all crimes should have the death sanction so as to deter all crime. Consistent humanistic liberalism would punish no one for anything in particular, as all behavior would be reformed through an environmental change and enlightenment.
Therefore, the great malady with both neo-conservatism and liberalism concerning the death penalty is their divorce of penology from the confines and requirements of biblical law. The Scriptures give the immutable standard for the application of the death sanction. Not only are such crimes defined and limited in the Scriptures, the process of carrying out the sentence is also carefully and precisely prescribed. Moreover, the Scriptures give the divine rationale for law itself; that is, to restore the victim of crime, as best as possible, to his original state, through acts of restitution by the perpetrator. This concept of an “eye for an eye, and a tooth for a tooth,” or proportional restitution, is fairly easy to work out regarding crimes of real property. However, as in the case of murder, no monetary or like value can be given to restore the deceased individual to his original state. Therefore, the life of the perpetrator is required, and the state is the chief institution to enforce this sanction.
While many secularists view the Scriptures to be harsh and unyielding regarding the sanction of death, the reality is, that far more grace and liberty are found in Holy Writ, than in the avalanche of federal and state laws which dictate the ultimate sanction. For example, the Scriptures require two or three witnesses to any offense that demands the death sentence; whereas the state can and often does convict individuals through circumstantial evidence alone. Beyond this, the state often turns rogue in executing men, women, and children in paramilitary exercises, ignoring due process of law. Witness Attorney General Janet Reno and her 1993 assault on the Branch-Davidian compound in Waco, Texas. In juxtaposition, the Hebrew Commonwealth and Israel under monarchial reign, rarely executed offenders because of the heavy burden of proof mandated for such action.
It is true that many conservatives track closer to biblical paradigms concerning the death sanction. However, they still miss the salient points of restoration, restitution, and retributive justice that Scripture demands, focusing on the theoretical fear or deterrence that death penalty laws engender. While deterrence is certainly a biblical by-product of all sanctions, in application such deterrence is lost through countless appeals, through selective enforcement, and through the mindless attachment of the death penalty to a myriad of anti-biblical laws and regulations.
The humanist-liberal is, of course, even further away from the biblical reality in denying original sin and the reprobate element; their policies put at risk the peace and stability of the community or nation. The belief that all men may be reformed to a more peaceable life is a direct result of the lamentable doctrines of Quakerism, Arminianism, and antinomianism. Liberals claim that the Scriptures are without compassion or mercy. Yet, through their Pollyanna utopian policies, evil is rewarded and the innocent are punished. There is no compassion in leading the innocent into harm’s way.
The clarion call of our day is to abandon the bi-polar, liberal-conservative standard of justice in favor of the immutable counsel of God’s inscripturated will. Then, true liberty and justice will walk hand-in-hand together; indeed, “mercy and truth” will have met together.
Your comments are welcome!
Who is the Real Jesus?
Ever since the dawn of modern rationalism, skeptics have sought to use textual criticism, archeology and historical reconstructions to uncover the “historical Jesus” — a wise teacher who said many wonderful things, but fulfilled no prophecies, performed no miracles and certainly did not rise from the dead in triumph over sin.
Over the past 100 years, however, startling discoveries in biblical archeology and scholarship have all but vanquished the faulty assumptions of these doubting modernists. Regrettably, these discoveries have often been ignored by the skeptics as well as by the popular media. As a result, the liberal view still holds sway in universities and impacts the culture and even much of the church.
The Real Jesus explodes the myths of these critics and the movies, books and television programs that have popularized their views. Presented in ten parts — perfect for individual, family and classroom study — viewers will be challenged to go deeper in their knowledge of Christ in order to be able to defend their faith and present the truth to a skeptical modern world – that the Jesus of the Gospels is the Jesus of history — “the same yesterday, today and forever” (Hebrews 13:8). He is the real Jesus.
Speakers include: George Grant, Ted Baehr, Stephen Mansfield, Raymond Ortlund, Phil Kayser, David Lutzweiler, Jay Grimstead, J.P. Holding, and Eric Holmberg.
Ten parts, over two hours of instruction!
Running Time: 130 minutes
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Foundations in Biblical Eschatology
By Jay Rogers, Larry Waugh, Rodney Stortz, Joseph Meiring. High quality paperback, 167 pages.
All Christians believe that their great God and Savior, Jesus Christ, will one day return. Although we cannot know the exact time of His return, what exactly did Jesus mean when he spoke of the signs of His coming (Mat. 24)? How are we to interpret the prophecies in Isaiah regarding the time when “the earth will be full of the knowledge of the LORD as the waters cover the sea” (Isa. 11:19)? Should we expect a time of great tribulation and apostasy or revival and reformation before the Lord returns? Is the devil bound now, and are the saints reigning with Christ? Did you know that there are four hermeneutical approaches to the book of Daniel and Revelation?
These and many more questions are dealt with by four authors as they present the four views on the millennium. Each view is then critiqued by the other three authors.
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Special Two-Disc Set!
After 40 years of intense study and world-wide ministry, Dr. Francis Schaeffer completed his crowning work of scholarship – to present profound truths in simple film language. Dr. Schaeffer’s brilliant analysis of the past and predictions for current trends have proven so uncannily accurate that this amazing series still feels contemporary almost three decades after its initial release. Ultimately, Schaeffer concludes that man’s only hope is a return to God’s Biblical absolute, the truth revealed in Christ through the Scriptures.
Available for the first time on DVD, this documentary spectacular also includes intimate in-depth conversations with Francis and Edith Schaeffer. With the on-disc study guide, this presentation forms a unique course of comprehensive study. While this series forms an innovative analysis of the past, this outstanding work is more than history. Each episode focuses on a significant era, yet speaks clearly to 21st-century man with answers for modern problems.
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Dr. Schaeffer, who was one of the most influential Christian thinkers in the twentieth century, shows that secular humanism has displaced the Judeo-Christian consensus that once defined our nation’s moral boundaries. Law, education, and medicine have all been reshaped for the worse as a consequence. America’s dominant worldview changed, Schaeffer charges, when Christians weren’t looking.
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