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The Five Visions of Daniel (Daniel 2, 7, 8, 9, 10-12)

By Jay Rogers
Published February 24, 2019

The prophecy of Daniel gave God’s people comfort during three great events in the following centuries:

  1. The captivity in Babylon
  2. The invasion of Jerusalem by Antiochus Epiphanes
  3. The coming of the Messiah during the occupation by the Roman Empire and the resulting destruction of Jerusalem and the Temple


In the Days of These Kings (Book)

Perfect-bound Paperback — 740 pages

The Book of Daniel in Preterist Perspective

“And in the days of these kings shall the God of heaven set up a kingdom, which shall never be destroyed: and the kingdom shall not be left to other people, but it shall break in pieces and consume all these kingdoms, and it shall stand for ever” (Daniel 2:44).

The overarching message of Daniel is that Jesus the Messiah is even now ruling over the nations. He is the King of kings. Daniel tells us that Messiah’s kingdom will advance in the whole world from “generation to generation” (Daniel 4:4,34). Christ’s dominion is “given to the people of the saints of the most High” (Daniel 7:22). Our purpose then is to see “all people, nations, and languages … serve and obey him” (Daniel 7:14,27).

This comprehensive work offers a fascinating look at the book of Daniel in preterist perspective. Great attention is paid to the writings of ancient and modern historians and scholars to connect the dots and demonstrate the continuity of Daniel’s prophecy with all of Scripture.

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The prophecy of Daniel is a series of five visions occurring over a period of about 70 years. The visions move from general to specific. They point to several key events in the future history of the Jews: the desecration of the Temple by Antiochus IV Epiphanes and its restoration from 167 to 165 BC; the exact time of the coming of the Messiah in AD 27; Nero’s persecution from AD 64 to 68; and the Roman-Jewish War from AD 67 to 70.

The First Vision is a dream of the king that is interpreted by Daniel. The second is Daniel’s dream. The next three are waking visions seen in the presence of angels, followed by an appearance of the Messiah – the Son of Man – to interpret the vision for Daniel. The timeline reads as follows:

FIRST VISION ­— Daniel 2 — 603 BC in the second year of the reign of King Nebuchadnezzar of Babylon.

Daniel interprets the king’s dream. The dream described four kingdoms that would rule over a vast empire. Note that the dates are from the perspective of these empires’ domination over Judah/Judea.

Babylonian-Chaldean Empire …………………………… from 605 to 539 BC
Medo-Persian Empire …………………………………… from 539 to 330 BC
Macedonia-Greece ………………………………………. from 330 to 64 BC
Roman Empire ………………………………………….. from 64 BC to AD 70

SECOND VISION — Daniel 7 —555 BC in the first year of the reign of Belshazzar, the son of Nabonidus and successor of Nebuchadnezzar.

This is Daniel’s dream. The interpretation by angels is part of the dream. The four kingdoms are described in more detail and special attention is given by Daniel to the fourth kingdom which has ten kings.

Babylonian-Chaldean Empire …………………………… from 605 to 539 BC
Medo-Persian Empire …………………………………… from 539 to 330 BC
Macedonia-Greece ………………………………………. from 330 to 64 BC
Roman Empire ………………………………………….. from 64 BC to AD 70

THIRD VISION — Daniel 8 — 553 BC in the third year of the reign of Belshazzar.

This vision of Daniel is interpreted by two angels. It describes the Medo-Persian Empire; the conquest of the world by Alexander the Great; the Seleucid and Ptolemaic succession; and the reign of Antiochus IV Epiphanies in Syria.

Medo-Persian Empire ……………………………………. from 539 to 330 BC
Alexander’s invasions ……………………………………. from 330 to 323 BC
Ptolemies rule Egypt & Seleucids rule Syria …….………. from 323 to 167 BC
Antiochus Epiphanes …………………………………….. from 167 to 164 BC

FOURTH VISION — Daniel 9 — 539 BC in the first year of Darius, king of the Medes.

The angel Gabriel appears to Daniel while he was fasting and inquiring of God the meaning of Jeremiah’s “seventy years.” Later the Messiah, the “Son of Man,” appears. The vision describes the 483 year time period from the seventh year of King Artaxerxes, in 457 BC, when by his commandment Ezra began the work of completing the restoration of the Temple at Jerusalem (Ezra 7) – to the baptism of Jesus Christ in AD 27, when He first began to preach and execute the office of the Messiah.

Medo-Persian Empire ………………… from ……………… 457 BC
Roman Empire ………………………….. to ………………. AD 27
……………………………………………………………….. 483 years

FIFTH VISION — Daniel 10,11,12 — 535 BC in the third year of Cyrus king of Persia.

In chapter 10, an angel came to Daniel while he was fasting for three weeks. The angel shows Daniel the wars and succession of kings in the Persian, Greek and Roman Empires (Daniel 11) and the time period from the coming of Messiah to the reign of Vespasian and the Great Tribulation from AD 67 to 70 (Daniel 12).

Chapter 11

Medo-Persian Empire …………………………………… from 539 to 330 BC
Macedonia-Greece ………………………………………. from 330 to 64 BC
Roman Empire ………………………………………….. from 64 BC to AD 70
Pompey invades Jerusalem ………………………………. 63 BC
Death of Julius Caesar …………………………………… 44 BC

Chapter 12

The Messiah appears …………………………………….. from AD 27 to 30
The Time of Trouble …………………………………….. from AD 67 to 70


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Your comments are welcome!

This explanation of Daniel prophecies is pretty good one until it hits 2300 day prophecy. Nothing is said about that. These prophecies do not stop explaining at Roman empire but clearly go further with many details in them about the end of time of this earth’s history. Read your Bibles carefully for yourselves and prayerfully study all of it.

Posted by Lawrence Rupsas on 10/30/2009 12:22 PM #

As I was perusing these prophecies, I thought this looks pretty good! Then I came to the forth vision of Daniel 9. Something is a problem here! The prophecy says 70 weeks, a sequence of 70 weeks. But they are not all accounted for here. The final week, in the center of which the Messiah, our Lord & Savior Jesus Christ was “cut off” – crucified for us, is missing. The most important part, that part pointing to the time when Jesus would die for our sins, its missing!

Posted by Jere on 07/26/2011 10:55 AM #

I do like the explanation on the book of Daniel, but I would still welcome a more detailed explanation.

Posted by william marvelous on 12/08/2012 05:34 AM #

Thank you for all your hard work. It is much appreciated.

Posted by Denis on 03/20/2013 07:55 AM #

Thank you. As a Bible Study teacher I found this helpful. Thank you again for you hard work putting this together.

Posted by Melody Jackson on 08/12/2013 06:17 AM #

Simply very good. There is hard work, passion, sincerity and clear explanation.

Posted by michael nandi on 05/20/2014 09:01 AM #

A few technical points. The Roman Empire ended in 476AD not AD70. The Ten Toes of the vision in Daniel 2 are ten kingdoms formed immediately after the fall of the Roman Empire. They are also the ten horns of the vision in Ch. 7. They are not ten future kingdoms as dipensationalists argue!

Posted by David Bamber on 11/04/2014 10:20 AM #

In the context of Daniel’s day the ten toes and ten horns would have been understood by the Jews to mean the lost ten tribes. This is the back drop of the times. The modern interpretation of interpreting this to mean ten kingdoms of Rome seems to have fallen apart in modern times since this view has not come to pass, however beginning in the Roman era some people began to believe that they were descendants of the lost tribes and this continued on until it was widely accepted in Ireland, Scotland and England. Hence we have such religions today as the British Israelite Movement where they believe they have descended from Ephraim and Manasseh, and that they look for a kingdom yet to come although Jesus told us that in His time the kingdom of God had come and we are in the kingdom of God now through Christ. Yet these who believe they have descended from the lost tribes look for a kingdom to come wherein they will rule as kings with Christ in a revived kingdom of Israel and of all things under the old covenant instead of the new, although the process to be Christians. Remember the ten kings look for a kingdom to come.

Posted by Dannie Jackson on 10/23/2019 12:56 PM #

Prophecy repeats itself from generation to generation. Those who love The Lord keep doing what is good. Even as many of us have been persecuted and many put to death, stay faithful to The Lord for your eternal reward.

Posted by Daniel Joseph Chiasson on 04/19/2020 12:37 PM #

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