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The Five Visions of Daniel (Dan. 2, 7, 8, 9, 10-12)

By Jay Rogers
Published May 1, 2008

The Five Visions of Daniel (Dan. 2, 7, 8, 9, 10-12)

The prophecy of Daniel is a series of five visions occurring over a time period of about 70 years. The visions move from general to specific. The purpose is to point to several key events in the future history of the Jews: the desecration of the Temple by Antiochus and its restoration from BC 167 to 160; the time of the coming of the Messiah in AD 27; Nero’s persecution from AD 63 to AD 67; and the siege of Jerusalem from AD 67 to AD 70.

The first vision is a dream of the king that is interpreted by Daniel. The second is Daniel’s dream. The next three visions are waking visions with angels and an epiphanous appearance of Christ to interpret the dream for Daniel.

Below are the years in which the visions occurred with their interpretations explained in terms of time-lines. All dates are approximate.

FIRST VISION — Daniel 2 — BC 603 in the second year of the reign of King Nebuchannezzar of Babylon.

The king’s dream is interpreted by Daniel. The four kingdoms are described.

Chaldean Empire ……………. from BC 605 to 539
Medio-Persian Empire ………. from BC 539 to 336
Macedonia Greece …………… from BC 336 to 133
Roman Empire ……………….. from BC 133 to AD 70

SECOND VISION — Daniel 7 — BC 555 in the first year of the reign of Belshazzar the son of Nabonidus and successor of Nebuchadnezzar.

This is Daniel’s dream. The interpretation by angels is part of the dream. The four kingdoms are described in more detail and special attention is given by Daniel to the fourth kingdom which has 10 kings.

Chaldean Empire ……………. from BC 605 to 539
Medio-Persian Empire ………. from BC 539 to 336
Macedonia Greece …………… from BC 336 to 133
Roman Empire ……………….. from BC 133 to AD 70

THIRD VISION — Daniel 8 — BC 553 in the third year of the reign of Belshazzar.

This is a vision of Daniel. The vision is interpreted by two angels. It describes the Medio-Persian Empire; the conquest of the world by Alexander; the Seleucid and Ptolomic succession; and the reign of Antiochus Epiphanies King of Syria.

Medio-Persian Empire …….. from BC 539 to 336
Alexander’s invasions …….. from BC 336 to 323
Ptolomies rule Egypt &
Seleucids rule Syria ……….. from BC 323 to 167
Antiochus Epiphanes ……… from BC 167 to 160

FOURTH VISION — Daniel 9 — BC 538 in the first year of Darius, king of the Medes.

Gabriel appears to Daniel while he was fasting over the meaning of Jeremiah’s “70 years” and later the Messiah the “Son of Man” appears. The vision describes the 483 year time period from the seventh year of King Artaxerxes, in 457 BC, when by his commandment Ezra began the work of completing the restoration of the Temple and the city of Jerusalem (Ezra 7) to the baptism of Jesus Christ, in AD 27, when he first began to preach and execute the office of the Messiah.

Medio-Persian Empire …… from …… BC 457
Roman Empire ……………. to …….. AD 27
………………………………………. 483 years

FIFTH VISION — Daniel 10,11,12 — BC 534 in the third year of Cyrus king of Persia.

In chapter 10, an angel came to Daniel while he was fasting for three weeks. The angel shows Daniel the wars and succession of kings in the Persian, Greek and Roman empires (Daniel 11) and the time period from the coming of Messiah to the reign of Vespasian and the great tribulation from 67 to 70 AD.

Chapter 11

Medio-Persian Empire …….. from BC 534 to 336
Macedonia Greece ………… from BC 336 to 133
Roman Empire …………….. from BC 100 to AD 70
Pompey invades Jerusalem ………. BC 63
Death of Julius Caesar …………… BC 44

Chapter 12

The Messiah appears ……….. from AD 27 to 30
The Great Tribulation ………. from AD 67 to 70

The prophecy of Daniel was purposed to give God’s people comfort in the time of three great events in their history:

1. The captivity in Babylon
2. The invasion of Jerusalem by Antiochus Epiphanes
3. The coming of the Messiah during the occupation by the Roman Empire and the resulting destruction of Jerusalem and the Temple.


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Your comments are welcome!

This explanation of Daniel prophecies is pretty good one until it hits 2300 day prophecy. Nothing is said about that. These prophecies do not stop explaining at Roman empire but clearly go further with many details in them about the end of time of this earth’s history. Read your Bibles carefully for yourselves and prayerfully study all of it.

Posted by Lawrence Rupsas on 10/30/2009 12:22 PM #

As I was perusing these prophecies, I thought this looks pretty good! Then I came to the forth vision of Daniel 9. Something is a problem here! The prophecy says 70 weeks, a sequence of 70 weeks. But they are not all accounted for here. The final week, in the center of which the Messiah, our Lord & Savior Jesus Christ was “cut off” – crucified for us, is missing. The most important part, that part pointing to the time when Jesus would die for our sins, its missing!

Posted by Jere on 07/26/2011 10:55 AM #

I do like the explanation on the book of Daniel, but I would still welcome a more detailed explanation.

Posted by william marvelous on 12/08/2012 05:34 AM #

Thank you for all your hard work. It is much appreciated.

Posted by Denis on 03/20/2013 07:55 AM #

Thank you. As a Bible Study teacher I found this helpful. Thank you again for you hard work putting this together.

Posted by Melody Jackson on 08/12/2013 06:17 AM #

Simply very good. There is hard work, passion, sincerity and clear explanation.

Posted by michael nandi on 05/20/2014 09:01 AM #

A few technical points. The Roman Empire ended in 476AD not AD70. The Ten Toes of the vision in Daniel 2 are ten kingdoms formed immediately after the fall of the Roman Empire. They are also the ten horns of the vision in Ch. 7. They are not ten future kingdoms as dipensationalists argue!

Posted by David Bamber on 11/04/2014 10:20 AM #

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