By P. Andrew Sandlin
Published May 1, 2008
Roots — Romanticism was an artistic phenomenon that spread over Europe in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries. It affected different countries at different times and even influenced America by means of England. Romanticism in literature and other art forms was a reaction to what it perceived as the cold, structured, scholastic “neo-classical” art forms of the eighteenth century. We of the English-speaking world are most acquainted with the Romanticism of English writers like Wordsworth, Coleridge, Shelley, and Keats. Romantic literature is marked by the exaltation of the individual and his feelings (as opposed to his reason); experimentation with new literary forms; a fascination with nature; use of the more common and less elitist forms of expression; and obsession with the bizarre and supernatural and demonic.
Heavy traces of Romanticism survive in modern culture, and religiously they were manifested markedly in parts of Protestant liberalism; they survive today in the conservative wing of Protestantism, including Pentecostalism, Fundamentalism, and Evangelicalism.
Modern Christianity resembles Romanticism to a striking degree. It is a movement characterized largely by a stress on individualism and feeling and a reaction against reason and what it perceives as cold rationalism. Like European Romanticism it distrusts elitism and intentionally appeals to common people. In many instances it is stamped by an undue concern for supernatural signs, wonders, visions, and subjective “leadership of the Spirit”-thereby possessing a “sanitized” similarity to the romantic obsession with the supernaturalistic and bizarre.
Infatuation with youth — A characteristic of Romanticism to which this essay pertains, however, is its infatuation with youth or the idea of primeval life. The romantics generally believed that age was spoiled by human institutions, and that if we could just tap the mind and resources of children we could restore to life what it really means to be human. Romantics seemed to overlook the ignorance of youth and stressed rather its innocence.
Similarly, conservatives are consistently looking back wistfully and longingly at their early Christian life. Often they are convinced that the period of greatest joy in their Christian life was immediately after their conversion. Because they believe they do not possess in the present the joy they once possessed, they are convinced that they lost some element of spirituality in the intervening period. Conservative preachers exhort their listeners to “come back” to where they once were spiritually. Defined as a restoration of the joy, enthusiasm and dedication of the early Christian life, revival is a common theme of conservative preaching. Those newly converted are held up as examples to older and more mature saints who have somehow grown colder and whose enthusiasm does not quite measure up to that of the recently saved. This romantic element is manifested further in the back-to-basics theme so prevalent today (“Things are getting too complex in our churches; we just need to get back to the ABC’s”).
The worship of immaturity — The problem here is not with the preacher’s calling God’s people to repent of their sin; the Bible is full of examples of that practice. The problem in conservative romanticism is, rather, that spiritual restoration is tied so closely to the early Christian life, that is, to the time of spiritual immaturity. The exhortation to or desire for a return to spiritual youth and “the ABC’s” of the Christian life is directly antithetical to the Biblical message, however. Indeed, Paul chided the Corinthians for their spiritual immaturity; the writer of the epistle to the Hebrews likewise rebuked those believers because they had failed after so long in the Christian Faith to manifest the marks of spiritual adulthood. In modern conservatism spiritual youth is romanticized; in Scripture, it is lamented, especially when Christians’ physical age far exceeds their spiritual growth.
A defective view of the Christian life — I am convinced that conservatives are so enthralled with spiritual youth because they have a defective view of the Christian life. To many of them, at least, the Christian life is a cycle consisting of obedience, backsliding, spiritual revival, obedience, and so forth. They need a good “revival” every once in a while (and remember that revival is equated with earlier periods in their Christian life) and when they experience a “revival,” they will be set-at least until they need another let-me-get-back-to-that-infant-enthusiasm “revival.”
But if they just understood that spiritual growth, rather than “revival,” is the normal Christian walk and the means of sanctification, they would quickly jettison the maudlin obsession with their spiritual childhood.
Liabilities of immaturity — To Paul, spiritual youth is fraught with pitfalls, ignorance, divisiveness, pride, and jealousy (I Cor. 3). It is a state of life perhaps inevitable for those newly converted, but reprehensible to those saved for any significant period. Undoubtedly what makes spiritual immaturity so attractive to modern conservatives is the euphoria and enthusiasm with which it is accompanied. When adults are converted they frequently experience joy because of their awareness of emancipation from the bondage of sin and because of their overwhelming sense of ecstasy in their new relationship with the Lord Jesus Christ. Contrary to conservative opinion, however, this enthusiasm, proper though it is, is no index of spirituality. Arguably, at root what many of the romantic-minded Christians are really looking for in the return to spiritual youth is good feelings that accompany the period immediately following conversion (it may be recalled that intensity of feeling was another chief characteristic of Romanticism).
Just as in a hearty, protracted marital relationship, love between spouses consists less in the euphoric feelings of dating and engagement than in the security of commitment and quiet confidence of companionship, so spirituality of the Christian life should be measured not in terms of intense feeling but in certain commitment to Christ evidenced by obedience to his word (2 Jn. 6 ).
Impatience — It just so happens, though, that modern conservatives, like most modern Westerners, are not exactly thrilled with the patience required for quiet, progressive growth. They want good feelings, and they want those feelings now. They “lost that lovin’ feelin’,” and must recover the enthusiasm (or weepiness) associated in their minds with their immediate post-conversion life.
If the Christian life is understood as a period of patient progressive sanctification, nonetheless, restoration of spiritual immaturity is not merely undesirable but retrogressive, i.e., going in the wrong direction spiritually. When believers “go away from God,” they need spiritual growth, not its opposite,which is spirituality immaturity. They need to recognize the requirements of the word of God and comply with those requirements. They don’t need the tingly enthusiasm associated with spiritual immaturity.
Cult of youth — Just as a characteristic of Romanticism was the belief that youth was a period of sincerity in which clear eyes unclouded by adult prejudices is the ideal, so the Christian romantics believe that somehow those recently converted possess a pure sincerity in devotion necessarily eroded by time in more mature believers. If the Bible is true, however, that simply cannot be. In those who are truly saved Christ operates ineluctably (Phil. 1:6). Since the Christian romantics often do not recognize the doctrine of progressive sanctification, they must appeal to the “revival” of spirituality.
Romantic evangelism — I should not avoid mentioning, in addition, that Christian romanticism is often related to defective views of evangelism. In churches in which the convicting operation of the Holy Spirit is circumvented in favor of techniques manipulating human emotions and will, we may naturally expect false conversions, and among unbelievers nonetheless convinced of their conversion there can be no genuine spiritual growth; therefore, they are often urged to somehow recover now-dormant feelings immediately following their supposed conversion experience. In other words, Christian Romanticism is a technique for giving false assurance to specious believers.
More importantly, it is a pernicious mood that should be strenuously avoided.
Forerunner - Home » The Puritan Storm
Your comments are welcome!
Visit The Forerunner's Discussion Forum!
“When the lives of the unborn are snuffed out, they often feel pain, pain that is long and agonizing.” – President Ronald Reagan to National Religious Broadcasters Convention, January 1981
Ronald Reagan became convinced of this as a result of watching The Silent Scream – a movie he considered so powerful and convicting that he screened it at the White House.
The modern technology of real-time ultrasound now reveals the actual responses of a 12-week old fetus to being aborted. As the unborn child attempts to escape the abortionist’s suction curette, her motions can be seen to become desperately agitated and her heart rate doubles. Her mouth opens – as if to scream – but no sound can come out. Her scream doesn’t have to remain silent, however … not if you will become her voice. This newly re-mastered version features eight language tracks and two bonus videos.
“…a high technology “Uncle Tom’s Cabin” arousing public opinion just as Harriet Beecher Stowe’s 1852 antislavery novel ignited the abolitionist movement.” – Sen. Gordon Humphrey, Time Magazine
Languages: English, Spanish, French, South Korean, Chinese, Russian, Portuguese, Japanese
Running Time: 28 minutes
$17.95 — ORDER NOW!(We accept all major credit cards and PayPal.)
Download the free Study Guide!
Is there a connection between pagan religion and the abortion industry?
This powerful presentation traces the biblical roots of child sacrifice and then delves into the social, political and cultural fall-out that this sin against God and crime against humanity has produced in our beleaguered society.
Conceived as a sequel and update to the 1988 classic, The Massacre of Innocence, the new title, The Abortion Matrix, is entirely fitting. It not only references abortion’s specific target – the sacred matrix where human beings are formed in the womb in the very image of God, but it also implies the existence of a conspiracy, a matrix of seemingly disparate forces that are driving this holocaust.
The occult activity surrounding the abortion industry is exposed with numerous examples. But are these just aberrations, bizarre yet anomalous examples of abortionists who just happen to have ties to modern day witchcraft? Or is this representative of something deeper, more sinister and even endemic to the entire abortion movement?
As the allusion to the film of over a decade ago suggests, the viewer may learn that things are not always as they appear to be. The Abortion Matrix reveals the reality of child-killing and strikes the proper moral chord to move hearts to fulfill the biblical responsibility to rescue those unjustly sentenced to death and to speak for those who cannot speak for themselves (Proverbs 24:11,12; 31:8,9).
Speakers include: George Grant, Peter Hammond, RC Sproul Jr., Paul Jehle, Lou Engle, Rusty Thomas, Flip Benham, Janet Porter and many more.
Ten parts, over three hours of instruction!
Running Time: 195 minutes
$19.95 — ORDER NOW!(We accept all major credit cards and PayPal.)
Foundations in Biblical Eschatology
By Jay Rogers, Larry Waugh, Rodney Stortz, Joseph Meiring. High quality paperback, 167 pages.
All Christians believe that their great God and Savior, Jesus Christ, will one day return. Although we cannot know the exact time of His return, what exactly did Jesus mean when he spoke of the signs of His coming (Mat. 24)? How are we to interpret the prophecies in Isaiah regarding the time when “the earth will be full of the knowledge of the LORD as the waters cover the sea” (Isa. 11:19)? Should we expect a time of great tribulation and apostasy or revival and reformation before the Lord returns? Is the devil bound now, and are the saints reigning with Christ? Did you know that there are four hermeneutical approaches to the book of Daniel and Revelation?
These and many more questions are dealt with by four authors as they present the four views on the millennium. Each view is then critiqued by the other three authors.
$12.95 — ORDER NOW!(We accept all major credit cards and PayPal.)
Who is the Real Jesus?
Ever since the dawn of modern rationalism, skeptics have sought to use textual criticism, archeology and historical reconstructions to uncover the “historical Jesus” — a wise teacher who said many wonderful things, but fulfilled no prophecies, performed no miracles and certainly did not rise from the dead in triumph over sin.
Over the past 100 years, however, startling discoveries in biblical archeology and scholarship have all but vanquished the faulty assumptions of these doubting modernists. Regrettably, these discoveries have often been ignored by the skeptics as well as by the popular media. As a result, the liberal view still holds sway in universities and impacts the culture and even much of the church.
The Real Jesus explodes the myths of these critics and the movies, books and television programs that have popularized their views. Presented in ten parts — perfect for individual, family and classroom study — viewers will be challenged to go deeper in their knowledge of Christ in order to be able to defend their faith and present the truth to a skeptical modern world – that the Jesus of the Gospels is the Jesus of history — “the same yesterday, today and forever” (Hebrews 13:8). He is the real Jesus.
Speakers include: George Grant, Ted Baehr, Stephen Mansfield, Raymond Ortlund, Phil Kayser, David Lutzweiler, Jay Grimstead, J.P. Holding, and Eric Holmberg.
Ten parts, over two hours of instruction!
Running Time: 130 minutes
$19.95 — ORDER NOW!(We accept all major credit cards and PayPal.)
Exposes the Dangers of Abortion to Women!
These shocking eyewitness accounts expose the dangers of abortion not only to unborn children, but to the health and lives women as well. An antidote to the smokescreens of the liberal media, these short clips show what really happens in and around abortion clinics.
Although the content is emotionally gut-wrenching, these videos have been used in church seminars and small groups to educate Christians on the abortion issue and to lead people toward a pro-life position. Contains 2 hours and 40 minutes of materials that can be shown separately.
Watch these pro-life videos on-line.
“These videos helped change my mind from pro-choice to pro-life. Your videos are what did it for me. I will be walking in next year’s March For Life in San Francisco.” — A. Jackson, California
“I was going to have an abortion until I saw your video. Praise Jesus!”
— M. Drew, YouTube Commenter
$4.95 — ORDER NOW!(We accept all major credit cards and PayPal.)