By P. Andrew Sandlin
Published May 1, 2008
Roots — Romanticism was an artistic phenomenon that spread over Europe in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries. It affected different countries at different times and even influenced America by means of England. Romanticism in literature and other art forms was a reaction to what it perceived as the cold, structured, scholastic “neo-classical” art forms of the eighteenth century. We of the English-speaking world are most acquainted with the Romanticism of English writers like Wordsworth, Coleridge, Shelley, and Keats. Romantic literature is marked by the exaltation of the individual and his feelings (as opposed to his reason); experimentation with new literary forms; a fascination with nature; use of the more common and less elitist forms of expression; and obsession with the bizarre and supernatural and demonic.
Heavy traces of Romanticism survive in modern culture, and religiously they were manifested markedly in parts of Protestant liberalism; they survive today in the conservative wing of Protestantism, including Pentecostalism, Fundamentalism, and Evangelicalism.
Modern Christianity resembles Romanticism to a striking degree. It is a movement characterized largely by a stress on individualism and feeling and a reaction against reason and what it perceives as cold rationalism. Like European Romanticism it distrusts elitism and intentionally appeals to common people. In many instances it is stamped by an undue concern for supernatural signs, wonders, visions, and subjective “leadership of the Spirit”-thereby possessing a “sanitized” similarity to the romantic obsession with the supernaturalistic and bizarre.
Infatuation with youth — A characteristic of Romanticism to which this essay pertains, however, is its infatuation with youth or the idea of primeval life. The romantics generally believed that age was spoiled by human institutions, and that if we could just tap the mind and resources of children we could restore to life what it really means to be human. Romantics seemed to overlook the ignorance of youth and stressed rather its innocence.
Similarly, conservatives are consistently looking back wistfully and longingly at their early Christian life. Often they are convinced that the period of greatest joy in their Christian life was immediately after their conversion. Because they believe they do not possess in the present the joy they once possessed, they are convinced that they lost some element of spirituality in the intervening period. Conservative preachers exhort their listeners to “come back” to where they once were spiritually. Defined as a restoration of the joy, enthusiasm and dedication of the early Christian life, revival is a common theme of conservative preaching. Those newly converted are held up as examples to older and more mature saints who have somehow grown colder and whose enthusiasm does not quite measure up to that of the recently saved. This romantic element is manifested further in the back-to-basics theme so prevalent today (“Things are getting too complex in our churches; we just need to get back to the ABC’s”).
The worship of immaturity — The problem here is not with the preacher’s calling God’s people to repent of their sin; the Bible is full of examples of that practice. The problem in conservative romanticism is, rather, that spiritual restoration is tied so closely to the early Christian life, that is, to the time of spiritual immaturity. The exhortation to or desire for a return to spiritual youth and “the ABC’s” of the Christian life is directly antithetical to the Biblical message, however. Indeed, Paul chided the Corinthians for their spiritual immaturity; the writer of the epistle to the Hebrews likewise rebuked those believers because they had failed after so long in the Christian Faith to manifest the marks of spiritual adulthood. In modern conservatism spiritual youth is romanticized; in Scripture, it is lamented, especially when Christians’ physical age far exceeds their spiritual growth.
A defective view of the Christian life — I am convinced that conservatives are so enthralled with spiritual youth because they have a defective view of the Christian life. To many of them, at least, the Christian life is a cycle consisting of obedience, backsliding, spiritual revival, obedience, and so forth. They need a good “revival” every once in a while (and remember that revival is equated with earlier periods in their Christian life) and when they experience a “revival,” they will be set-at least until they need another let-me-get-back-to-that-infant-enthusiasm “revival.”
But if they just understood that spiritual growth, rather than “revival,” is the normal Christian walk and the means of sanctification, they would quickly jettison the maudlin obsession with their spiritual childhood.
Liabilities of immaturity — To Paul, spiritual youth is fraught with pitfalls, ignorance, divisiveness, pride, and jealousy (I Cor. 3). It is a state of life perhaps inevitable for those newly converted, but reprehensible to those saved for any significant period. Undoubtedly what makes spiritual immaturity so attractive to modern conservatives is the euphoria and enthusiasm with which it is accompanied. When adults are converted they frequently experience joy because of their awareness of emancipation from the bondage of sin and because of their overwhelming sense of ecstasy in their new relationship with the Lord Jesus Christ. Contrary to conservative opinion, however, this enthusiasm, proper though it is, is no index of spirituality. Arguably, at root what many of the romantic-minded Christians are really looking for in the return to spiritual youth is good feelings that accompany the period immediately following conversion (it may be recalled that intensity of feeling was another chief characteristic of Romanticism).
Just as in a hearty, protracted marital relationship, love between spouses consists less in the euphoric feelings of dating and engagement than in the security of commitment and quiet confidence of companionship, so spirituality of the Christian life should be measured not in terms of intense feeling but in certain commitment to Christ evidenced by obedience to his word (2 Jn. 6 ).
Impatience — It just so happens, though, that modern conservatives, like most modern Westerners, are not exactly thrilled with the patience required for quiet, progressive growth. They want good feelings, and they want those feelings now. They “lost that lovin’ feelin’,” and must recover the enthusiasm (or weepiness) associated in their minds with their immediate post-conversion life.
If the Christian life is understood as a period of patient progressive sanctification, nonetheless, restoration of spiritual immaturity is not merely undesirable but retrogressive, i.e., going in the wrong direction spiritually. When believers “go away from God,” they need spiritual growth, not its opposite,which is spirituality immaturity. They need to recognize the requirements of the word of God and comply with those requirements. They don’t need the tingly enthusiasm associated with spiritual immaturity.
Cult of youth — Just as a characteristic of Romanticism was the belief that youth was a period of sincerity in which clear eyes unclouded by adult prejudices is the ideal, so the Christian romantics believe that somehow those recently converted possess a pure sincerity in devotion necessarily eroded by time in more mature believers. If the Bible is true, however, that simply cannot be. In those who are truly saved Christ operates ineluctably (Phil. 1:6). Since the Christian romantics often do not recognize the doctrine of progressive sanctification, they must appeal to the “revival” of spirituality.
Romantic evangelism — I should not avoid mentioning, in addition, that Christian romanticism is often related to defective views of evangelism. In churches in which the convicting operation of the Holy Spirit is circumvented in favor of techniques manipulating human emotions and will, we may naturally expect false conversions, and among unbelievers nonetheless convinced of their conversion there can be no genuine spiritual growth; therefore, they are often urged to somehow recover now-dormant feelings immediately following their supposed conversion experience. In other words, Christian Romanticism is a technique for giving false assurance to specious believers.
More importantly, it is a pernicious mood that should be strenuously avoided.
Forerunner - Home » The Puritan Storm
Your comments are welcome!
Visit The Forerunner's Discussion Forum!
Download the free Study Guide!
Is there a connection between pagan religion and the abortion industry?
This powerful presentation traces the biblical roots of child sacrifice and then delves into the social, political and cultural fall-out that this sin against God and crime against humanity has produced in our beleaguered society.
Conceived as a sequel and update to the 1988 classic, The Massacre of Innocence, the new title, The Abortion Matrix, is entirely fitting. It not only references abortion’s specific target – the sacred matrix where human beings are formed in the womb in the very image of God, but it also implies the existence of a conspiracy, a matrix of seemingly disparate forces that are driving this holocaust.
The occult activity surrounding the abortion industry is exposed with numerous examples. But are these just aberrations, bizarre yet anomalous examples of abortionists who just happen to have ties to modern day witchcraft? Or is this representative of something deeper, more sinister and even endemic to the entire abortion movement?
As the allusion to the film of over a decade ago suggests, the viewer may learn that things are not always as they appear to be. The Abortion Matrix reveals the reality of child-killing and strikes the proper moral chord to move hearts to fulfill the biblical responsibility to rescue those unjustly sentenced to death and to speak for those who cannot speak for themselves (Proverbs 24:11,12; 31:8,9).
Speakers include: George Grant, Peter Hammond, RC Sproul Jr., Paul Jehle, Lou Engle, Rusty Thomas, Flip Benham, Janet Porter and many more.
Ten parts, over three hours of instruction!
Running Time: 195 minutes
$19.95 — ORDER NOW!(We accept all major credit cards and PayPal.)
Special Two-Disc Set!
After 40 years of intense study and world-wide ministry, Dr. Francis Schaeffer completed his crowning work of scholarship – to present profound truths in simple film language. Dr. Schaeffer’s brilliant analysis of the past and predictions for current trends have proven so uncannily accurate that this amazing series still feels contemporary almost three decades after its initial release. Ultimately, Schaeffer concludes that man’s only hope is a return to God’s Biblical absolute, the truth revealed in Christ through the Scriptures.
Available for the first time on DVD, this documentary spectacular also includes intimate in-depth conversations with Francis and Edith Schaeffer. With the on-disc study guide, this presentation forms a unique course of comprehensive study. While this series forms an innovative analysis of the past, this outstanding work is more than history. Each episode focuses on a significant era, yet speaks clearly to 21st-century man with answers for modern problems.
$49.95 — ORDER NOW!(We accept all major credit cards and PayPal.)
What is true Revival and Spiritual Awakening?
Discover the answer in this eyewitness account by Dennis Kinlaw, President of Asbury College, Wilmore, Kentucky, who recounts the story of a visitation of the Holy Spirit in 1970. This is the presentation that has continued to spark the flames of Revival in the hearts of people around the world. Contains eyewitness footage from the Revival at Asbury College in 1970 in Wilmore, Kentucky.
Certain to challenge you to greater holiness and a deeper commitment to full-scale revival. Original news and private footage has been included. If you are a student who longs to see a spiritual awakening at your school, you must see this video!
“This simple video does a wonderful job of conveying something of God’s heart and power, Everyone we have ever shown this to has received an immediate impartation of faith for revival and the power of prayer.”
— Bob and Rose Weiner, Weiner Ministries Int’l
Running Time: 40 minutes
$19.95 — ORDER NOW!(We accept all major credit cards and PayPal.)
High Quality Paperback — 219 pages
Foundations in Biblical Orthodoxy
Driving down a country road sometime, you might see a church with a sign proudly proclaiming: “No book but the Bible — No creed but Christ.” The problem with this statement is that the word creed (from the Latin: credo) simply means “belief.” All Christians have beliefs, regardless of whether they are written.
Yet a single book containing the actual texts of the most important creeds of the early Church will not often be found. Out of the multitude of works on the evangelical Christian book market today, those dealing with the creeds of the Church are scarce.
Why Creeds and Confessions? provides a foundation of biblical orthodoxy as a defense against the false and truly heretical doctrines advanced by the spirit of this age.
$14.95 — ORDER NOW!(We accept all major credit cards and PayPal.)
Download the Free Study Guide!
Just what is Calvinism?
Does this teaching make man a deterministic robot and God the author of sin? What about free will? If the church accepts Calvinism, won’t evangelism be stifled, perhaps even extinguished? How can we balance God’s sovereignty and man’s responsibility? What are the differences between historic Calvinism and hyper-Calvinism? Why did men like Augustine, Luther, Calvin, Spurgeon, Whitefield, Edwards and a host of renowned Protestant evangelists embrace the teaching of predestination and election and deny free will theology?
This is the first video documentary that answers these and other related questions. Hosted by Eric Holmberg, this fascinating three-part, four-hour presentation is detailed enough so as to not gloss over the controversy. At the same time, it is broken up into ten “Sunday-school-sized” sections to make the rich content manageable and accessible for the average viewer.
Running Time: 257 minutes
$19.95 — ORDER NOW!(We accept all major credit cards and PayPal.)